Risks of fat excess in the body

Risks of fat excess in the body

Risks of fat excess in the body

Obesity has become increasingly popular and is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater. Excess body fat strains the bones and organs. It also causes complicated changes in hormones and metabolism, as well as increased inflammation in the body. Here are some health risks of obesity.

1. Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes develops when your blood sugar levels are above normal. As time passes, This can eventually lead to heart disease, nerve damage, stroke, renal disease, and eye difficulties.

2. High blood pressure

Extra fat tissue in the body needs an increase in oxygen and nutrients. That means a heart has to work significantly harder to circulate blood throughout your body. It is known as high blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause heart and artery damage over time.

3. Heart disease

Fatty deposits can build up in the arteries that feed blood to the heart over time. Excessive blood pressure, abnormal blood fat levels, and high blood glucose levels may further increase your risk of heart disease.
Fatty deposits in the arteries can cause a heart attack. And a stroke can be caused by blood clots in narrow arteries.

4. Stroke

A stroke can damage brain cells, Which causes the inability to talk or move some portions of the body. High blood pressure is the most cause of strokes.
Strokes happen when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly cut off, usually owing to a blockage or rupture of a blood artery in the brain or neck. It is more commonly due to high blood pressure.

5. Sleep apnea

Obese persons are more prone to suffer from sleep apnea. The reason is the amount of fat accumulated around the neck, which leads to a narrowing of the airway.
For brief periods, you may cease breathing completely. When this occurs, you are unable to get the necessary slumber. Also, it can cause fatigue and drowsiness, as well as issues with your mood, and memory.
Sleep apnea, if left untreated, can increase your chance of developing other health issues such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

6. Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty liver disease is a common condition characterized by the accumulation of excess fat in the liver. Obese people are more likely to develop fatty liver disease, often known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
Fatty liver disease develops when excess fat accumulates in the liver. Cirrhosis is a disease in which excess fat affects the liver or causes scar tissue to form.

7. Gallstones

Obesity increases the risk of developing gallstones. It occurs when bile builds up and hardens in the gallbladder. The reason is that bile contains higher levels of cholesterol. Gallstones may be excruciatingly painful and necessitate surgery.

8. Kidney disease

Blood pressure is controlled and purified at the level of the kidneys. But because of the accumulation of fat in the blood vessels that carry blood to it, the kidneys cannot do their job as well as they should.
Kidney disease may be a consequence of high blood pressure and diabetes. Or, it can also be a direct outcome of obesity, or it can promote kidney disease and accelerate its progression.

9. Cancer

Obese people often have various malignancies, including colorectal, postmenopausal breast, uterus, pancreas, esophagus, and kidney. That may be because fat cells produce hormones that alter the nature of cell growth. And, in all types of cancer, some of the body's cells begin to divide uncontrollably and spread into neighboring tissues.


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